Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai (12 August 1919 – 30 December 1971) was an Indian scientist and innovator widely regarded as the father of India’s space programme.
The nation honoured him awarding Padma Bhushan in 1966 and Padma Vibhushan (posthumously) in 1972.
He served as Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission during 1966-1971.
Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) was founded by Vikram Sarabhai. The institute was formally established at the M.G. Science Institute, Ahmedabad on 11 November 1947.
He helped setup many institutes, some of which as as follows:
1. The Nehru Foundation for Development in Ahmedabad
2. The Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad (IIMA)
3. Ahmedabad Textile Industry’s Research Association (ATIRA).
Along with his wife Mrinalini Sarabhai, he founded the Darpana Academy of Performing Arts.
Other institutions established by him include:
1. The Fast Breeder Test Reactor (FBTR) in Kalpakkam
2. The Variable Energy Cyclotron Project in Calcutta
3. Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL) in Hyderabad
4. Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) in Jaduguda, Jharkhand
One of the greatest achievements of Vikram Sarabhai was the development of Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). It was due to his efforts that this space organization came into being.
Vikram Sarabhai left for his heavenly abode on 30 December 1971 at Kovalam.